What is a Sight Word?
A sight word is any word you know effortlessly without sounding out or guessing. (Adults know 30,000 – 70,000 sight words and all of the words on this website are likely sight words for you!)
What is a High Frequency Word?
A high frequency word is a word seen often in text.
There are regularly spelled high frequency words and high frequency words with an irregular sound-spelling pattern.
(Only 4% of words have more than one irregular sound-spelling pattern).
What is a Heart Word?
A heart word is a word with an irregular sound spelling pattern. We put the heart over the irregular part when we are mapping words to help kids remember that irregular sound spelling.
What is Orthographic Mapping?
Many people have a misconception that orthographic mapping is something that we do, however, it is important to note that it is a mental process, not a teaching strategy.
When we use strategies like phoneme-grapheme mapping, we promote the mental process of orthographic mapping (which is how our brains store words).
Now that we have cleared up those definitions, let’s talk about teaching high frequency words!